Great Ocean Road Wildlife Park

Peacock

Peacocks – or Indian Peafowl – are stunningly colourful birds who live mainly on the ground but can fly short distances when needed. Everyone knows the courting male peacock’s fanning out of his tailfeathers that produces a wheel of brilliant colour. Females lack the long tail feathers, and their plumage is more greenish and browner. They emit a range of sounds, from the well-known loud “scream” to a rapid “kok-kok”, and – when agitated – a low-pitched explosive honk.

Peafowl forage in small groups. They are omnivores and their diet consists of seeds, insects, fruits, reptiles and even small mammals. In the park, you can often see them engaging in one of their favourite activities: the “dust-bath”. Peafowl spend the night perching on tall trees.

Polygynous by nature, one male mates with several females during mating season, after which 4 to 8 fawn-white eggs are incubated by the female for about 28 days. Chicks can fly about one week after hatching and become independent after about 2 months.

Indian Peafowl can be found across India and the drier areas of Sri Lanka. Having been introduced to many countries around the world, they are mostly found in moist and dry-deciduous forests near water, but can also live in cultivated areas with human haibitation.